How to Convert Array to JSON in PHP?


Before diving into the conversion process, let’s first understand the basics of JSON and its significance in PHP.

What is JSON?

JSON, short for JavaScript Object Notation, is a lightweight data-interchange format that is easy for humans to read and write. It is also easy for machines to parse and generate. JSON is commonly used for transmitting data between a server and a web application, as an alternative to XML.

Why Convert Array to JSON?

Arrays are a fundamental data structure in PHP, and JSON is a widely accepted format for data exchange. Converting arrays to JSON allows us to easily transfer and manipulate data in a structured manner.

Methods of Converting Array to JSON

Now that we have a clear understanding of JSON and its importance, let’s explore some methods to convert arrays to JSON in PHP.

Method 1: Using the json_encode() Function

The simplest and most straightforward way to convert an array to JSON in PHP is by using the built-in json_encode() function. Let’s take a look at an example:

$array = ['name' => 'Roshan', 'age' => 25, 'city' => 'India'];
$json = json_encode($array);

echo $json;



The json_encode() function takes an array as input and returns a JSON string representation of the array.

Method 2: Using the json_decode() Function

If you have a JSON string and you want to convert it back to an array in PHP, you can use the json_decode() function. Here’s an example:

$json = '{"name":"Roshan","age":25,"city":"India"}';
$array = json_decode($json, true);



    [name] => Roshan
    [age] => 25
    [city] => India

The second parameter of json_decode() is set to true, which tells the function to return an associative array instead of an object.

Method 3: Using the Foreach Loop

Another approach to convert an array to JSON is by using a foreach loop. This method gives you more control over the conversion process and allows you to manipulate the array elements before encoding them into JSON.

$array = ['name' => 'Roshan', 'age' => 25, 'city' => 'India'];
$jsonArray = [];

foreach ($array as $key => $value) {
    $jsonArray[$key] = $value;

$json = json_encode($jsonArray);

echo $json;



By iterating over the array using a foreach loop, we create a new associative array $jsonArray that contains the same key-value pairs as the original array. We then encode this new array into JSON using the json_encode() function.


In this article, we have explored different methods to convert an array to JSON in PHP. We have learned about the json_encode() and json_decode() functions, as well as the use of a foreach loop for more control over the conversion process.

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