What is HTML?

HTML is the standard markup language for Web pages. HTML you can create your own Website.

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages

HTML describes the structure of a Web page

HTML consists of a series of elements

HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content

HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.

  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)
  • The <body> element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

Structure of HTML


How Should We Start HTML

All you need is a simple text editor…

Web pages can be created and modified by using professional HTML editors.

However, for learning HTML a simple text editor like Notepad (PC) or TextEdit (Mac) is recommended.

Follow the steps below to create your first web page with Notepad or TextEdit.

Step 1: Open Notepad (PC)

Windows 8 or later:

Open the Start Screen (the window symbol at the bottom left on your screen). Type Notepad.

Windows 7 or earlier:

Open Start > Programs > Accessories > Notepad

Step 1: Open TextEdit (Mac)

Open Finder > Applications > TextEdit

Then under “Open and Save”, check the box that says “Display HTML files as HTML code instead of formatted text”.

Then open a new document to place the code.

Step 2: Write Some HTML

Write or copy the following HTML code into Notepad:

<!DOCTYPE html>



<h1>My First Heading</h1>

<p>My first paragraph.</p>




Step 3: Save the HTML Page

Save the file on your computer. Select File > Save as in the Notepad menu.

Name the file “index.htm” .

Step 4: View the HTML Page in Your Browser

Open the saved HTML file in your browser (double click on the file, or right-click – and choose “Open with”).

The result will look like this:

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